Publication Ethics and Malpractice Statement requirements:


The Journal adheres to the publication of high -quality content that involves the editor(s), reviewers and authors adhering to the standards of expected ethical behavior. The Ethic statement is based o recommendation and guidelines provided by Committee on Publication ethics (COPE) Core Practice documents. 

Fair play and responsibility of the editor

An editor has the role and responsibility in determining the submissions published within the journal. Submissions chosen are based solely on intellectual merit and relevance to the journal.  Manuscripts are judged by intellectual content without any regards to gender, race, sexual orientation, ethnic origin, religious belief, or political affiliation of the authors.


No information regarding a submitted manuscript should be revealed to anyone except the corresponding author, editorial board members, or the publisher as is required or otherwise appropriate.

Disclosure and conflicts of interest

Without the explicit written consent of the author, editors and editorial board members may not use the submitted manuscript for their own research.  Editors will not use the information or ideas obtained from the manuscript for personal advantage. In the case of conflict of interest, editors will recuse themselves from considering these manuscripts and will ask another member of the editorial board to consider the submission.

Publication decisions

The editor-in-chief is responsible for choosing the submitted manuscripts that are to appear in the journal as published. Importance to researchers and readers, reviewer comments, legal requirements and validation of the work all serve as the basis for potential manuscripts that are chosen for publication. The Editor-in-chief can also be guided by the rules and policies of the journal’s editorial board.


Duties of Reviewers

Purpose of Reviewing

Peer review plays a great role in the editorial process by encouraging communication with the author thus helping them in improving the submission along with helping the editor-in-chief and editorial board in making a decision.


If a reviewer feels unable or unqualified to review the manuscript should notify the Editor-in-chief as soon as possible so that alternative reviewers can be contacted and notified.


Any and all manuscripts that are received by the editor-in-chief and editorial board are considered and treated as confidential documents. They must not be discussed with others or shown to anyone else.

Standards of Objectivity

All reviews should be objective and there should be no personal criticism of the author whatsoever. Referees should conduct their views clearly along with supporting arguments so that authors may improve the manuscript.

Acknowledgment of sources

Reviewers should identify any relevant published work that the author may have not cited. A citation should accompany any statement, observation or deviation of an argument in previous publications. If there is any overlap between the manuscript under submission and any other data published a reviewer may have personal knowledge on.

Disclosure and conflict of interest

Reviewers should notify the editorial board or the editor-in chief in the case of conflict of interest as they should not consider evaluating such manuscripts. Reviewers should do this as promptly as possible so other reviewers can be contacted and notified.

Any ideas or private information obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and cannot be used for the personal gain or personal use.  


Reporting Standards

Authors should present their work in an accurate manner as the manuscript should contain sufficient detail composed objectively and comprehensively. Inaccurate and fraudulent statements are unacceptable.

Data access and retention

It may be asked of the authors to provide the raw data of their study with the manuscript for editorial review. Authors should ensure that such data is accessible by other professionals.

Originality and plagiarism

Authors should write and submit only entirely original works. Any work used by others should be properly cited. Any type of plagiarism is unethical and not acceptable. Plagiarism may constitute pretending someone else’s paper is one’s own, or reproducing by substantial amount and paraphrasing others work without citation

Multiple, duplicate, redundant or concurrent submission or publication

Manuscripts that describe the same research should not be published in more than one journal. Authors should not submit any work that has been published in other journals. Submitting to more than one journal concurrently is considered unethical and is unacceptable as well.

In some cases, authors and editors of the journals may agree to secondary publications if certain conditions are met. In this case, the secondary publication must have the same data of the primary document and the primary reference must be cited in the primary reference.

Authorship of the manuscript

Authors must be able to take public responsibility for the content and only persons who meet authorship criteria should be listed. Authors are those who have made significant contribution to the overall study, revised the submission for important intellectual and data content and seen and approved a final draft of the manuscript and have approved of it for publication. All who made substantial contributions such as technical support; writing and general assistance can be mentioned in the “acknowledgment” section.                                                                  

Disclosure of conflicts of interest

Authors should disclose any conflicts of interest as soon as possible, preferably upon the point of submission with a disclosure form. This applies for conflicts of interest that can influence the interpretation and publication of the submission.

Acknowledgment of sources

Authors should properly acknowledge and cite all sources from the works of others and should also cite any publications that have assisted the author in determining the nature of the reported manuscript. Third party, conversation must not be cited without explicit permission from the source.

Hazards and human or animal subjects

The author must clearly identify any chemicals or procedures that have unusual hazards inherent in their use. The manuscript should contain a statement that all procedures involving human or animal participants have been done so in guidance with the relevant laws, institutional guidelines and the appropriate institutional committees. Authors should also include a statement in regards to informed consent for the experimentation of human participants as the privacy of human participants has to be observed.